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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 28 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 30 Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 39 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 40 Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 41 Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 42 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 44 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 49 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. 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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Двери. Общие требования » ООО НПФ "Сонат"

Двери. Общие требования

Требования к дверям определяются расположением их в здании. К наружным дверям предъявляются повышенные требования по звуко- и теплозащите. Материал, из которого изготовлены двери и материал наружной отделки должны быть устойчивы к неблагоприятным внешним воздействиям: дождю и снегу, ветру, перепадам температур, ультрафиолетовому излучению. Входные двери , как наружные, так и внутренние, должны обеспечивать необходимую безопасность.

Долговечность дверей - требование необходимое, но требуемые сроки службы, так же, определяются назначением помещения, и желанием заказчика. Для наружных дверей заказчик, скорее всего, захочет иметь двери , которые будут ему служить максимапльно долго (в приемлемом ценовом диапазоне), а вот для интерьерных дверей , все зависит от того, как скоро намечается повторное обновление интерьера.

Требования к внешнему виду дверей , наружной отделке, расстекловке, цвету, диктуются замыслом дизайнера и необходимостью вписать двери в интерьер или фасад здания.

Требования к балконным дверям резко отличаются от требований ко всем остальным дверным группам. Технические характеристики для балконных дверей должны быть теми же, что у окон, к которым они примыкают. Подробно, требования к окнам изложены в Бюллетене II настоящей серии.

В нормативной литературе не так много общих требований, относящихся к дверям . Предлагаем Вашему вниманию краткую выборку из действующих, на сегодняшний день СНиПов.

СНиП II-3-79*

Нормативную воздухопроницаемость Gн, кг/(м2 ч), ограждающих конструкций зданий и сооружений следует принимать в соответствии со СНиП II-3-79* :

Ограждающие конструкции - Воздухопроницаемость Gн, кг/(м2 ч), не более
Входные двери в квартиры - 1,5
Окна и балконные двери жилых, общественных и бытовых зданий и помещений в переплетах: Пластмассовых или алюминиевых Деревянных - 5,0 ; 6,0
Окна, двери и ворота производственных зданий - 8,0

В целях сокращения потерь тепла в зимний период при проектировании зданий и сооружений следует предусматривать уплотнение притворов и фальцев в заполнениях проемов.

Требуемое сопротивление теплопередаче Rотр дверей и ворот должно быть не менее 0,6 Rотр стен зданий и сооружений, определяемого по соответствующей формуле по СНиП II-3-79* при расчетной зимней температуре наружного воздуха, равной средней температуре наиболее холодной пятидневки обеспеченностью 0,92.

СНиП 2.08.01-89*

Лестничные клетки и лифтовые холлы должны быть отделены от помещений любого назначения и поэтажных коридоров дверьми , оборудованными закрывателями, с уплотнением в притворах. Допускается предусматривать остекленные двери , при этом в зданиях высотой четыре этажа и более - с армированным стеклом.

Коридоры в жилых зданиях между лестницами или торцом коридора и лестницей следует разделять перегородками с дверьми , оборудованными закрывателями.

СНиП II-12-77

Нормируемыми параметрами звукоизоляции ограждающих конструкций жилых и общественных зданий, а также вспомогательных зданий и помещений промышленных предприятий являются индекс изоляции воздушного шума ограждающей конструкцией Iв, дБ, и индекс приведенного уровня ударного шума под перекрытием Iу, дБ.

Повышение изоляции воздушного шума дверьми и воротами может быть достигнуто увеличением поверхностной плотности полотна двери или ворот, плотной пригонкой полотна к коробке, а также за счет устранения щели между дверью или воротами и полом при помощи порога с уплотняющими прокладками или фартука из прорезиненной ткани или резины, а также применением уплотняющих прокладок в притворах дверей и ворот.

Необходимо предусматривать устройства, обеспечивающие плотный прижим двери или ворот к коробке и закрытие замочных скважин. Следует тщательно заделывать щели между коробкой дверей или ворот и примыкающим ограждением.

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