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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 49 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 50 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. 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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Декоративные деревья » ООО НПФ "Сонат"

Декоративные деревья

Хотя деревья больше всего ценятся за свои размеры и внешний вид, их привлекательность в значитель­ной степени зависит от особенно­стей листвы, цветков, плодов и ко­ры. Важно посадить дерево так, чтобы показать его декоративные качества в наиболее выгодном све­те.
Листва Пышный лиственный наряд многих деревьев сохраняется в течение все­го сезона вегетации и, несомненно, является наиболее привлекатель­

Декоративные деревья
Рис. 1

ной особенностью этих растений. Форма, размеры и цвет листьев не поддаются точной классификации и варьируют от нежных, золоти­стых, напоминающих папоротники листьев гледичии (Gkditsia triacanthos Sunburst) до огромных, мощных листьев некоторых пальм, таких, как Phoenix. Структура поверхности листьев влияет на их способность отражать свет, и глянцевые листья особенно ярко сверкают на солнце. Плотность кроны деревьев варьиру­ет от практически непроницаемой до почти воздушной. Это обстоя­тельство следует учитывать при пла­нировании посадок под деревьями. Деревья с окрашенной и пестрой листвой, такой, как у декоративной сливы Prunus virginiana Schubert, или как у Ligustrum lucidum Excelsum Superbum, предоставляют на вы­бор множество оттенков, ярко конт­растирующих с обычной зеленой листвой многих деревьев. Листья некоторых деревьев, например эв­калипта (Eucaliptus), испускают тон­кий аромат, тогда как другие, напри­мер у осины, издают приятный ше­лест на легком ветерке.   Цветки Цветение деревьев - мимолетное, но запоминающееся явление. Осо­бенно ценится цветение деревьев осенью, зимой и ранней весной, ко­гда цветы других растений менее интересны. Окраска цветков у де­ревьев должна совпадать с общей цветовой композицией сада. Прият­ную цветовую композицию можно создать, если рядом с взрослым де­ревом посадить вьющиеся расте­ния, например клематисы или плетистые розы. Многие деревья испу­скают приятный аромат. Он может быть легким и тонким, как, напри­мер аромат зимних акаций (Acacia dealbata), или густым, как летнее благоухание магнолии (Magnolia obovata) и франгипании (Plumeria rubra f. acutifolia).

Окраска цветов Цветы магнолии (Magnolia campbellii subsp. mollicomata) блистают красотой на еще голых ветвях (см. Рис.1)

Плоды и ягоды По красоте они иногда не уступают цветкам и широко варьируют по форме и цвету: от ярко-красных, 

Декоративные деревья
Рис. 2

напоминающих землянику плодов Arbutus, и желтых диких яблок Malus Golden Hornet, до рельеф­ных стручков магнолий. Некоторые деревья, например падуб (Ilex), для успешного плодо­ношения нуждаются в перекрест­ном опылении; другие начинают плодоносить только в зрелом воз­расте или в определенном клима­тическом поясе. Птиц привлекают спелые ягоды некоторых декора­тивных деревьев, например ряби­ны (Sorbus aucuparia), и они склевы­вают их. Чтобы избежать этого, по­садите деревья с менее привлека­тельными плодами. Некоторые де­ревья, такие, как Crataegus х lavalki Carrierei, плодоносят поздней осенью и в начале зимы, так что они сохраняются до весны. Перед тем как приобрести нужные поро­ды деревьев, посоветуйтесь со спе­циалистами из питомника.   Кора и ветви Некоторые деревья обладают очень привлекательной корой. Среди них декоративная слива Prunus serrula с коричнево-красной, шелковистой и блестящей корой, декоративная береза Betula utilis var. jacquemontii с призрачной белизной своей коры, а также экзотический эвкалипт Eucalyptus pauciflora subsp. niphophila, кора которого напоми­нает кожу питона с зелеными, се­рыми и желтоватыми пятнами. Мо­лодые ветви алой ивы (Salix alba subsp. vitellina Britzensis) имеют красно-оранжевую окраску и ярко светятся, если смотреть на них против солнца. Побеги золотистой ивы (Salix alba subsp. vitellina) ярко-желтой окраски. Если у этих быст­рорастущих деревьев регулярно обрезать ветки, они будут давать новые, ярко окрашенные побеги. У некоторых деревьев кора стано­вится красивой только в зрелом возрасте, другие же, наоборот, привлекают молодыми побегами.

Привлекательность коры и ветвей Яркий белый силуэт серебристой березы (Betula utilus var. jacquemontiij не только оживляет унылую картину сада зимой, но является его композиционным «ядром» в любое время года (см. Рис. 2)

Деревья с привлекательной корой

Декоративные деревья



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