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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 44 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 49 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 49 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 50 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. 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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Как выбрать саженцы » ООО НПФ "Сонат"

Как выбрать саженцы

На рынке или у обочины любой дороги на выезде из города, видишь ряды продавцов так называемого «посадочного материала» - саженцев декоративных и плодовых растений. Многие их покупают, с надеждой везут на участок, выкладывают деньги, труд. Иногда их надежды оправдываются, растение приживается, а иногда - чахнет и вскоре гибнет (как правило в ближайший летний сезон). Люди вздыхают и повторяют операцию снова и снова, утешая себя тем, что отпад неизбежен. Действительно, даже при самой квалифицированной выкопке и пересадке растений случается неизбежный отпад, но он, как правило, не превышает 3-7%.

Как же определить, годится ли для приобретения саженец, так ли он выкопан, будет ли жить? Для этого надо иметь некоторые элементарные знания в этом вопросе. Начнем с того, что условия выкопки листопадных деревьев и вечнозеленых или хвойных различны. Листопадные деревья и кустарники в возрасте до 5-8 лет можно выкапывать и сажать с оголенной корневой системой. Выкопка таких растений в

Утепление саженца на зиму лутрасилом
Утепление саженца на зиму лутрасилом

питомниках осуществляется специальным плугом, чтообеспечивает наличие необходимого количества корней для питания растения и обеспечивает хороший процент приживаемости (до 90-95% при условии посадки или прикопа в тот же день). Надо помнить, что все растения плохо переносят подсушивание корневой системы. Поэтому, если нет возможности быстрой посадки выкопанного саженца рекомендуется опускать корневую систему в заранее приготовленную глиняную болтушку. Она при высыхании создает на корнях защитные корочки, предохраняющие их от высыхания.

При покупке растения с оголенной корневой системой на это надо обратить внимание. Если растение невозможно посадить немедленно, его надо прикопать. В прикопе растения могут сохраняться не один месяц, но это тема отдельного разговора.

Лиственные деревья в возрасте не более 8 лет, а также все хвойные растения надо выкапывать с комом земли. Есть нормы размера земляного кома в зависимости от возраста и размера растения. Минимальный ком должен быть 0,5 м в диаметре для растений в возрасте от 8 до 12 лет, 0,8 — для растений в возрасте 13-18 лет и 1x1 м для растений до 20-22 лет. Для более старших растений ком подбирается индивидуально.

Приходилось пересаживать растения в возрасте более 50 лет с комом 2,5x2,5 м.

Хвойные и вечнозеленые растения без исключения плохо переносят пересадку, как правило, долго болеют (чем старше растение, тем более болезненно происходит процесс пересадки). Хуже всего переносят пересадку сосны, ель обыкновенная, магония и некоторые другие.

Как определить, какого размера должен быть ком? Ведь не специалисту на глаз трудно определить возраст растения и соответственно необходимый размер кома земли. У большинства растения диаметр корневой системы приблизительно равен диаметру кроны. Растения может перенести уменьшение корневой системы на 20-25%, при более сильном уменьшении приживаемость проблематична. Поэтому, если Вы видите хвойное растение с оголенной корневой системой или комом земли размером с мячик, если Вы видите лежащее на открытом воздухе, да на ветру растение с оголенной корневой системой — остерегитесь, скорее всего это не жилец. И вообще, лучше всего покупать растения там, где их готовят к посадке квалифицированные специалисты — в питомниках, специализированных хозяйствах.

Особо хочу сказать о пересадке лесных деревьев-дичков. Их пересадка значительно сложнее, чем пересадка растений из питомников, т.к. их корневая система, как правило, больше корневой системы растений из питомников и, следовательно, повреждается гораздо сильнее.

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