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Плетёная мебель, краткая история развития

Плетёная мебельПринято считать, что первая плетёная мебель появилась в ремесленных кварталах Древнего Рима, поскольку она была доступнее и дешевле цельнодеревянной мебели. Поэтому плетёная мебель (в основном с тростника) считалась в Риме плебейской (бедные слои населения) мебелью. Но так продолжалось не долго, вскоре и патриции (правящая элита) по достоинству оценили мягкую и прочную плетенку, используя ее для покрытия сидений в скамьях и диванах. А поскольку это было очень удобно, то никого не удивляло, что резная скамья из драгоценного розового дерева покрыта плетеным полотном, как в доме простолюдина.

Существуют различные виды плетения. Отличаются они, прежде всего, по виду используемых материалов. Самым прочным и долговечным, а потому и самым распространенным, является ротанг - это лианообразные побеги ротанговой пальмы, которая растет в тропических джунглях. Из них получается очень добротная мебель, выдерживающая большие нагрузки, высокую влажность воздуха и даже перепады температур. Эту особенность ротанга особенно оценили англичане поскольку в их сыром, туманном климате мебель из ротанга на террасе стояла по несколько лет, не теряя своей прочности.

Плетёная мебель, материал

Ротанг - перед тем, как плести, ротанг очищают от коры, и он становится ровным и гладким. Специальным образом лианы вымачивают или обрабатывают паром, чтобы придать им желаемую форму, изгибы. В последнее время ротанговую мебель красят: покрывают темным лаком или белой краской.

Ива - дерево, растущее в северном полушарии. У него гибкие, гладкие и блестящие прутья. Из ивы плели корзины, короба, сундуки, колыбели и скамейки наши далекие предки. Но ива менее декоративна и в городской квартире используется в основном в виде разнообразных корзин.

Камыш - озерная трава, которая в основном используется в производстве мебели для плетения упругих кресел. Из листьев пальмы с помощью специальной обработки тоже плетут мебель и ковры. Используются также для плетения и некоторые виды водорослей.

Плетёная мебель, как она попала в Европу

В Европу плетёная мебель из ротанга попала с началом эпохи колониальных завоеваний. Европейские наместники в жарком климате колоний смогли по достоинству оценить преимущества которыми обладала "продуваемая" плетёная мебель, а возвращаясь домой везли с собой в качестве экзотики экземпляры плетёной мебели.

Первыми по достоинству плетёную мебель оценили англичане: на террасах и верандах их коттеджей появились плетеные качалки, диваны и кресла. А затем уже вся Европа была покорена этой легкой и прочной мебелью. Мода на "плетенку", как и всякая мода, то разгоралась, то утихала, но плетёная мебель с тех пор уже никогда не исчезала полностью из европейских интерьеров.

В наше время плетёная мебель вновь актуальна. Среди изделий особой популярностью пользуются спальни, диваны и кресла, этажерки и ширмы, журнальные столики. Причем плетёная мебель легко «уживается» в интерьерах разных стилей, даже в строгой и требовательной классике. Ротанговая плетёная мебель в городских интерьерах, в отличие от мебели садовой, утратила свой колониальный оттенок. Теперь ротанг используется в сочетании с другими материалами: массивом древесины, стеклом, пластиком и кожей. Как, например, на следующем фото: бар, стойка которого отделана деревянными панелями, и к нему - барные ротанговые стулья с кожаными сиденьями.

Традиционная, целиком плетёная мебель в современных интерьерах часто используется для некоторого контраста с синтетическими материалами, обилием стекла, светлого дерева и металла. Стоит также отметить, что плетеные диваны и кресла, предназначенные для городской обстановки, чаще всего теперь имеют мягкие подушки, обтянутые натуральной тканью (хлопком или льном): сидеть на такой мебели удобнее, а съемные чехлы можно по мере надобности выстирать. Помимо того, ткань особенно подчеркивает и облагораживает красоту плетёного полотна, даже выполненного из самых грубых материалов.

Плетёная мебель, уход за мебелью

Ухаживать за плетёной мебелью достаточно легко. Помимо стирки текстильных чехлов, диваны и кресла можно почистить щеткой. А пыль внутри переплетения прутьев удаляется с помощью обычного пылесоса. После чистки, особенно это касается ротанговой мебели, прутья следует обрабатывать качественным составом для чистки полированной деревянной мебели - тогда они надолго сохранят гибкость и блеск.



Раздел: Мебель, фурнитура и аксессуары Просмотров: 1644
 

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