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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Ремонт деревянных полов. Установка заплат вместо поврежденных досок » ООО НПФ "Сонат"

Ремонт деревянных полов. Установка заплат вместо поврежденных досок

Рис. 1 Трещины, пятна, гниль или участки заражения насекомыми могут ослабить прочность пола или ухудшить его внешний вид. Если вы хотите покрыть доски ковром, плитками или иными материалами, внешний вид досок не имеет значения, поэтому после удаления поврежденных досок вы можете залатать поврежденный участок, отрезав нужные куски любых досок и прибив их. Если необходимо восстановить поверхность дерева, то единственно правильным решением будет подбор досок соответствующей толщины и ширины. Рис. 2
Удаление и замена нешпунтованных досок - относительно простое дело. Значительно труднее заменить часть пола из шпунтованных досок, которые лежат непосредственно на балках. Такой ремонт и описывается ниже. Прежде чем снять поврежденные доски, необходимо удалить гребень одной из них. Для этой цели необходима особая пила для пола с закругленным концом полотна, однако, подойдет и электролобзик с толстой пилкой либо более привычная узкая ножовка. Поскольку вы работаете "вслепую", обесточьте всю проводку, подходящую к помещению, Рис. 3
и аккуратно начните пилить, останавливаясь каждый раз, когда почувствуете сопротивление, так как в этом месте под полом могут оказаться кабели или трубы.
Если доски пригнаны друг к другу так плотно, что вы не можете вставить в щель широкое зубило или полотно пилы, сделайте несколько надрезов вдоль одной доски циркулярной ручной пилой на толщину несколько меньше толщины досок. Пробейте эти пропилы насквозь широким зубилом, затем удалите отдельные куски. Рис. 4
Все шпунтованные доски прибивают гвоздями так, что их головки видны, либо впотай, когда гвозди забивают под углом через гребень каждой доски и скрывают после установки соседней доски. Если гвозди забиты скрыто, поврежденные доски нужно пилить вдоль края балки, затем отрубить долотом по центру балки. При этом полотно пилы не будет повреждено скрытыми гвоздями. Если шляпки гвоздей видны, загоните гвозди сквозь доски в балку добойником и аккуратно отпилите доски, не трогая балок.
Удаление гребня поврежденной доски. Вставьте плоское зубило или долото между двумя поврежденными досками и ударьте по нему молотком для отделения гребня. Затем в полученную щель установите полотно ножовки для пола и продолжайте отрезать гребень между досками. Если необходимо пилить над балкой, пользуйтесь долотом. Проведите линии перпендикулярно доскам непосредственно у балок, которые ограничивают поврежденную зону (рис. 1). Рис. 5
Резка поперек волокон. Определите толщину досок, удалив гребень над балкой и вставив в щель между досками лезвие ножа, тонкую отвертку или конец металлической линейки. Ручной циркулярной пилой, настроенной точно на измеренную глубину, отпилите поврежденные доски поперек волокон по линиям, которые вы провели вдоль краев балок. Затем долотом удалите часть досок до центра балок с двух сторон поврежденной зоны (рис. 2).
Поднятие поврежденных досок. Вставьте широкое зубило между досками с удаленным гребнем. Поднимите первую доску, нажимая на зубило в направлении от себя, пользуясь при необходимости ногой. Когда доска начнет приподниматься, перемещайте зубило к другой балке, возле которой сделан пропил. После удаления части доски между балками удалите части доски до центра балок, пользуясь долотом. Удалите гвозди клещами либо молотком-гвоздодером. Аналогично поднимите остальные части досок поврежденного участка и удалите долотом древесину до центра балок (рис. 3). Рис. 6
Установка новых досок. Отрежьте кусок половой доски и вставьте его вместо удаленной доски, совместив паз с гребнем. Для постановки доски на место воспользуйтесь ненужным куском шпунтованной половой доски, по которому ударяйте киянкой (рис. 4).
Забейте 35-миллиметровые гвозди с удаленной узкой головкой под углом 45о через основание гребня в балки (рис. 5). Забивайте по одному гвоздю на балку и добивайте их добойником. Аналогичным образом установите на место и прибейте все заменяемые доски, кроме последней. Рис. 7
Установка последней доски. Для установки последней доски с помощью долота и киянки удалите у нее гребень (рис. 6). Затем установите доску на место и легкими ударами киянки посадите ее на место.
Прибейте последнюю доску гвоздями с удлиненной узкой головкой или гвоздями овального сечения. Забивайте по два гвоздя на балку на расстоянии приблизительно 10 мм от края доски. Утопите головки добойником и замажьте отверстия шпаклевкой, цвет которой подобран в соответствии с цветом древесины (рис. 7).


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