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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Строим ворота и калитки своими руками » ООО НПФ "Сонат"

Строим ворота и калитки своими руками

Главное звено ограды - ворота. Их ширина 2,2…2,4 м, что позволяет проезжать автомобилю.

Обычно ворота делают распашными. Их крепят на двух основательных и прочных столбах высотой 1,6…1,8 м, углубленных в землю не менее чем на 1 м. Если столбы кирпичные, их заглубляют в грунт на 60…80 см. Основания столбов засыпают бутом, трамбуют и бетонируют верхнюю часть засыпки. В столбы вбивают крюки. На них навешивают воротища - полотна ворот, которые укрепляют на диагонально перехваченных рамах, сделанных из брусков сечением 8 - 8 см. Самый распространенный материал для изготовления ворот - древесина.

Деревянные ворота и калитка
Рис. 116 Деревянные ворота и калитка:
а - угловое соединение рамы; 1 - укосина; б - устройство запора; 1 - скоба; 2 - засов;
в - способ навески ворот;
1 - петля амбарного типа; 2 - клин; 3 - накладка; 4 - слега; 5 - столб; 6 - гвозди крепления накладки;
г - ограничитель-защелка открытого положения ворот;
1 - стойка; 2 - защелка; 3 - рама створки; 4 - пружина;
д - стык створок;
1 - первая планка, образующая фальц; 2 - правая створка; 3 - левая створка;
г - цоколь ограды;
1 - штакетник; 2 - кирпич

Проезжую часть между столбами засыпают крупнозернистым песком, галькой, щебенкой, битым кирпичом, хорошо трамбуют, чтобы в этом месте не буксовал транспорт. В лучшем случае проезд асфальтируют, иногда мостят булыжником или бетонируют, а по бокам роют кюветы для отвода дождевых вод.

Над воротами иногда делают свес-кровельку, которая служит архитектурным украшением и защищает ворота от дождя.

Запирают ворота на засов - перекладину из бруска, вставленную в скобы, накрепко вколоченные в столбы.

Калитка должна быть шириной около 1 м. Для калиток из деревянных брусков делают раму с диагональным перехватом, скрепляют ее металлическими угольниками, а затем приколачивают к ней штакетник. Калитки могут быть и металлическими, сварными, самых различных очертаний (рис. 117).

С внутренней стороны подвешивают почтовый ящик, предусматривая прорезь в калитке. Во многих селах и деревнях принято возле калиток ставить прикалиточные скамьи. Они могут быть со спинками и без них, с различным рисунком (рис. 118), все зависит от фантазии застройщика.

Варианты калиток
Рис. 117 Варианты калиток:
1, 2, 3 - ворота и калитки в комплексе с перголой, лазательными приспособлениями и навесом; 4 - ворота и калитка с диагональной связкой; 5 - калитка со столбами; 6 - распашные ворота под перекладиной; 7 - открытые ворота под аркой; 5 - распашные ворота со стойками-трельяжами вертикального озеленения; 9 - ворота в плане

Прикалиточные скамьи
Рис. 118 Прикалиточные скамьи


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