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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Как сделать скворечник своими руками, чертеж скворечника » ООО НПФ "Сонат"

Как сделать скворечник своими руками, чертеж скворечника

Каждый сельский обитатель знает, что один из действенных методов «борьбы с вредителями зеленоватых насаждений - вербование птиц, но для этого их нужно обеспечить скворечниками и гнездовьями, которые, не считая того, служат дополнительными элементами декоративного дизайна усадьбы.

Скворечники (набросок ниже) - универсальный тип гнездовий. В их обожают селиться не только лишь скворцы, да и хохлатые синицы, мухоловки-пеструшки, горихвостки, чернушки, стрижи, воробьи.

Скворечник чертеж
Как сделать скворечник своими руками (скворечник чертеж)

Домики для птиц лучше развешивать с озари, но, если вы не успели, не поздно это сделать и в марте - начале апреля. Мастерят их из досок либо горбыля шириной 2…2,5 см.

Доски строгают только с внешней стороны, потому что внутренняя сторона должна быть шероховатой. Поначалу к донышку приколачивают боковые стены, позже переднюю и, в конце концов, заднюю с планкой, при помощи которой гнездо укрепляют к дереву либо шесту. Очень принципиально доски плотно подогнать друг к другу, лучше свинтить их саморезами. Щели законопачивают и замазывают глиной либо шпатлевкой и снаружи, и снутри. На дно насыпают опилки.

Леток просверливают коловоротом, продалбливают стамеской либо прорезают пилой. Крышки скворечников делают двускатные либо плоские с наклоном в всякую сторону. Для чистки гнезда во всех птичьих домиках должна быть съемная крыша либо откидная передняя стена с замком из кусочков проволоки, чтоб она не слетала и не качалась от ветра.

Птицы не обожают селиться в ярчайших либо только-только оструганных домиках, потому их красят крепким веществом марганцовокислого калия, морилкой либо мерклой алкидной краской.

Домики навешивают как можно выше. Скворечники, повешенные с наклоном вспять, обычно, не заселяются.

Птичьи домики и кормушки бывают различными по предназначению и конструкции (рис. 29-36).

Скворечник для дятла
Как сделать скворечник для дятла

Скворечник для горихвосток
Скворечник для горихвосток

Скворечник для мухоловок-пеструшек
Скворечник для мухоловок-пеструшек

Скворечник с крылечком для трясогузок
Скворечник с крылечком для трясогузок

Уголок для птиц
Уголок для птиц

Скворечник для стрижей
Скворечник для стрижей

Полуоткрытый скворечник для сероватых мухоловок
Полуоткрытый скворечник для сероватых мухоловок

Скворечник для пищух
Скворечник для пищух

Чтоб дятлы не раздолбили домик, вокруг летка набивают жесть. Такое треугольное гнездовье для защиты от дождиков покрывают кусочком толя. Пылай хвосток, непременно, завлечет ромби ческий домик, а мухоловок-пеструшек кубический. Для белоснежных трясогузок са мым наилучшим будет домик с крылечком, потому что эта птица на может прямо с лета нырять в леток. На участке, где находится компостный ящик, вешают обыденный уголок. Особые домики делают для стрижей. Сероватые мухоловки охотно заселяют полуоткрытое гнездовье.

В сельские усадьбы, расположенные рядом с лесом, полностью может быть привлечь пищух - радостных лесных птичек, которых устроит треугольное гнездовье.

В степной полосе всераспространены комбинированные гнездовья из дерева и травы. Легки и высокопрочны плетеные скворечники - плетенки, обмазанные снаружи глиной либо коровьим навозом.

Многие птицы, в особенности совы, галки и пустельги, охотно селятся в дуплянках (рис. 37). Чтоб сделать их, полено раскалывают на две половины повдоль, стамеской выдалбливают сердцевину дерева. К задней половинке при бивают планку-держатель. Половинки складывают и стягивают проволокой либо сбивают гвоздями. Места соединений дуплянки прошпаклевывают. Дуплянку можно сделать и из чурбачка, расколотого на четыре части.

Порядок сколачивания дуплянки
Порядок сколачивания дуплянки своими руками

Выкладывая кирпичные стенки и ограды, в высшей части строений оставляют ниши в один-два кирпича высотой, в полкирпича глубиной. Такие «квартиры» заселяют синицы, скворцы, мухоловки, горихвостки, удоды и воробьи.


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