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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Оптические иллюзии в помещениях » ООО НПФ "Сонат"

Оптические иллюзии в помещениях

Цвет и фактура главных частей интерьера, размещение осветительных приборов и учет направления световых потоков позволяют сохранить либо откорректировать имеющиеся место при помощи зрительных иллюзий. Под оптическими иллюзиями понимаются те конфигурации в зрительном восприятии размеров помещения, возникающие под воздействием психических явлений, контраста, зрительной памяти, т.е. помещение визуально можно углубить, сузить, расширить, повысить либо снизить. Для заслуги нареченных эффектов следует знать некие главные положения.

Горизонтальные полосы «растягивают помещение, создавая эффект роста площади, но сразу и снижая помещения; вертикальные полосы» сжимают «пространство, визуально повышая его.

Маленький орнамент визуально наращивает помещение, большой - уменьшает.

Тот же эффект понижения высоты может быть достигнут различными приемами: членением поверхности в нижней зоне и применением довольно темного цвета для потолка.

Осязаемый пространственный эффект дает членение даже одной из плоскостей. Помещение может казаться огромным либо наименьшим, укороченным либо удлиненным.

Если сгруппировать приемы, дающие тот же пространственный эффект, то можно сконструировать последующие советы:

Чувство большей высоты достигается при окрашивании пола в насыщенный цвет, при использовании контрастного к фону и большого рисунка, при использовании лакированной поверхности, при помощи подсвета нижней зоны помещения.

Эффект зрительного роста высоты помещения обеспечивается последующими приемами декорирования потолка: устройством интегрированных осветительных приборов, внедрением пространственной структуры навесного потолка, созданием блестящей поверхности либо внедрением зеркального стекла, внедрением подсветов в верхней зоне помещения, увеличивающих яркость потолка

Зрительное расширение места достигается: при контрастном противопоставлении цветов вертикальных и горизонтальных плоскостей ограждающих, при сравнении контрастных фактур.

При использовании оптических иллюзий для зрительной корректировки места значимый эффект дает направленное применение осветительной системы (изменение яркости отдельных участков ограждающих поверхностей, внедрение направленных световых потоков), см. табл.

Воздействие зрительных иллюзий на кажущееся изменение размеров места

Зрительные иллюзии Светокомпозиционный прием

Повышение объема помещения. Сильное равномерное освещение ограждающих поверхностей
Уменьшение объема помещения. Уменьшение яркости ограждающих поверхностей
Удлинение и сужение помещения Повышение яркости стенок, перпендикулярных к направлению «удлинения»; размещение световых полос в направлении «продлениеня»
Членение помещения Резкое увеличение яркости отдельных участков с внедрением цветовых контрастов

Повышение высоты помещения. Равномерное увеличение яркости потолка и верха стенок относительно других поверхностей

Рельефность стенок. Увеличение яркости отдельных участков стенок для сотворения световых пятен, ритмичное освещение стенок светом 2-ух разноцветных источников

Внедрение вертикалей в декоре стенок визуально наращивает высоту помещения. Тот же эффект сохраняется, если вертикаль находится в виде вертикально вытянутых картин, в вертикальной форме осветительных приборов, вертикальном расположении полос в обивочной ткани. На силе зрительного эффекта тут сказывается явление преувеличения вертикальных отрезков - из 2-ух равных по величине отрезков вертикальный отрезок прямой кажется длиннее горизонтального. Интерьер, с внедрением вертикалей в декоре кажется выше интерьер с горизонтальным и диагональным членением плоскостей.

Если жилую комнату подвергают «растягивания» повдоль источника дневного света, т.е. параллельно стенке с окном, то для группы мебели примыкающих употребляется декоративная ткань с интенсивно выраженными горизонтальными полосами, горизонтальным рисунком на ковре. Белоснежные предметы на черном фоне визуально «раздвигают» место, расширяя и удлиняя его. Клетчатые, полосатые, заполненные рапортным рисунком участки кажутся больше, чем однообразные с ними по размеру однотонные.

Интерьер помещения будет смотреться намного увлекательнее, если сделать декор стенок при помощи специальной штукатурки либо краски. Кстати, данную услугу предлагает компания «Франс-Деко’Р» (france-decor.ru).


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