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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 44 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 49 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 49 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 50 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 50 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/calendar.php on line 213 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. 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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/engine.php on line 146 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 101 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 229 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 229 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 233 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 233 Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 374 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. 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We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Warning: strtotime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/ih321407/public_html/sonat-spc.ru/engine/modules/show.full.php on line 447 Пеноблоки делаем сами » ООО НПФ "Сонат"

Пеноблоки делаем сами

На сегодня рентабельность производства пеноблоков иногда превосходит 300%: спрос всегда высочайший, а огромных финансовложений не требуется. Малый набор для начала производства содержит в себе смеситель (80-100л), компрессор, пеногенератор и форму для пеноблоков.

Растворомешалка должна быть опрокидывающейся, технические особенности компрессора должны позволять ему работать от сети в 220 В, а пеногенератор многие собирают сами по схемам.

При таком оснащении можно сделать 2-3 куба бетона за смену, а работников будет нужно всего двое. Основная сложность заключается в производстве пены. Пеногенераторы очень дороги для начинающего предпринимателя, а пенообразующие составляющие, которые продаются в магазинах, дают в 10 раз меньше пены, чем пеногенератор. Ну и сам процесс её образования просит фактически взбивания бетона при очень больших оборотах.

Потому пеногенератор собирают обычно без помощи других из насоса, емкости, корпуса с железной сетью, шлангов и т.д. Также будет нужно компрессор. Механизм работы состоит в том, что в емкости пенообразователь смешивается с водой, потом смесь подается в корпус пеногенератора, куда также поступает воздух от компрессора. Раствор, перемешиваясь с воздухом, ударяется о сетку и преобразуется в пену.

О качестве пены можно судить, если перевернуть заполненное ею ведро ввысь дном, – пена при всем этом должна удерживаться снутри. Лучшая плотность соответствует 80 г на 1л, но в пеногенераторе можно достигнуть и плотности в 10 г на 1л. Такая пена стремительно разрушится. Содержание пор в бетоне определяют его крепкость и объемную плотность.

Марка цемента для производства пенобетона не должна быть ниже 400, недопустимы примеси. Для теплоизоляционных бетонов (300-500 кг/м3) песок не употребляется. Начиная с плотности бетона 600 кг/м3, добавляют дробленый либо природный песок, но лучше использовать отсев, так как он существенно дешевле, а активность его в бетоне выше. Фракция песка значительно оказывает влияние на себестоимость: если в бетон попадут большие песчинки, для удержания вспененного раствора будет нужно добавлять цемент.

Все составляющие помещаются в смеситель согласно требованиям марки бетона. Поначалу соединяют песок, цемент и воду, а потом добавляют пену. Чем меньше времени потратится на смешивание, тем наименьшим механическим разрушениям подвергнется пена и тем качественней получится бетон.

В вертикальных смесителях с лопастями, которые совершенно подходят для производства обыденного бетона, пенобетон будет перемешиваться около 20 минут, потому что пена длительно удерживается на поверхности. С помощью обыкновенной бочки с подвижными лопастями пена перемешается уже через 2-3 минутки. Из смесителя, к которому подведен сжатый воздух, бетон можно подавать на расстояние 15-40 метров.

Потом приступают к изготовлению пеноблоков. Тут может быть два метода: залить бетон в форму или в опалубку, а потом разрезать полузастывший монолит на блоки. Форма для пеноблоков разборная: борта откидные, а поперечные и продольные перегородки можно извлекать, когда изделия будут готовы.

Пенобетон в форме должен находиться более 24 часов, потом конструкцию разбирают, пеноблоки перекладывают на поддоны и выдерживают их ещё 16 часов, до того как воплотить либо выслать на склад. Температура в цеху не должна быть ниже +5 градусов. Потому на зимний период для неотапливаемого помещения нужна доставка термических пушек.


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